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Last Days Pesach Halachic Digest 5776

Last Days Pesach Halachic Digest 5776

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ב"ה

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שביעי ואחרון של פסח תשע”ו

Halachic Digest

Compiled by Rabbi Yoseph Y. Vigler and Rabbi Mendel Zirkind.

With Editing by Rabbi Y. Zirkind z”l

לע"נ הרב יצחק בן הרב אליעזר צירקינד ע"ה

ח"י אדר תשע"ב

ERUV TAVSHILIN

  • If You already cooked all meals for Shabbos on Thursday Erev Yom Tov, or

  • If eating out all the meals

but you are sleeping at home and lighting candles at home,

You are still obligated in eruv tavshilin if you are preparing anything for Shabbos eg if you are lighting candles on Yom Tov for Shabbos. But you do NOT make a bracha

Since it is a mitzvah to make the eruv tavshilin, it is best to obligate yourself by arranging to cook something on Friday Yom Tov for Shabbos e.g. heating water.

  • If you are a guest at a hotel or being hosted

You may rely on your host to have you in mind for eruv tavshilin; or obligate yourself by cooking up water etc.

How to make the Eruv·

The eruv consists of two foods: a whole matzah, at least the size of a kebeitza (approximately 2 oz) and a cooked food, such as meat or fish, the size of a kezayis (2/3 to 1 oz).

· It is a good idea to wrap them in aluminum foil, or another distinctive packaging, to easily keep them apart from the rest of the foods in your home. Also, refrigerate the cooked food so it doesn’t spoil.

· Hand them to another person (if possible an individual who is a non-dependant i.e. not your son or daughter whom you support, even if older than bar or bas mitzvah), and say:”אני מזכה לכל מי שרוצה לִזְכות ולסמוך על עירוב זה”, “I hereby grant a share in this eruv to anyone who wishes to participate in it and to depend on it.”

· The one holding the food raises it a tefach, and then returns it to the person making the eruv, who then says the bracha: “אשר קדשנו במצותיו וציונו על מצוַת עירוב” and “בדין…”. If you don’t understand the original Aramaic, say it in English: Through this [eruv] it shall be permissible for us to bake, cook, put away a dish [to preserve its heat], kindle a light, prepare, and do on the Yom Tov all that is necessary for Shabbos – for us and for all the Jews who dwell in this city.

· The eruv is put away until Shabbos, when it is eaten. Many use the Eruv matzah as the second Matzah of lechem mishneh every meal and then eat it on Shabbos day at the morning meal, or better yet, at Seudah Moshiach, in order to perform as many mitzvahs as possible with it.

· If you forgot to make the eruv before shkia you may do so bedieved after shkia, till tzeis, with a bracha so long as you didn’t daven Maariv and the majority of the Tzibbur didn’t answer ברכו yet.

Note:

· The eruv tavshilin only allows food preparations if the food will be ready with ample time remaining before Shabbos; enough time to theoretically allow the food to be consumed before sunset (if a troop of guests happens to trudge into your home). This is an important detail to bear in mind when preparing the cholent, which cooks on the stove until the following day. (On a regular erev Shabbos, you could put the cholent on the blech immediately before Shabbos, even if it is not ready. On Erev Shabbos that is Yom Tov it must be fully ready.)

Yom Tov

We do NOT say shehecheyonu on Shvii shel Pesach nor on achron shel Pesach not at candle lighting nor in kiddush.

The Simcha of Shvii and Acharon Shel Pesach is greater than the rest of Pesach

Preparing Gebrochts on Erev Shabbos

This year, as acharon shel pesach falls out on shabbos, therefore -

  • Unless you have a family minhag to the contrary, you may prepare the Gebrochts dishes eg. Kneidlach on Friday (Shvii shel Pesach), provided that

    • you made an Eruv Tavshilin on Thursday.

    • The pots, pans, plates, and cutlery etc used for making the kneidlach, will be kept separate and will not be used for anything else on Friday and will be stored away till Shabbos.

Erev Shabbos / Yom Tov

Candles must be lit before sunset only, and from an existing flame only.

Make sure to bring the matzah and wine etc for Seudas moshiach before Shabbos if you do not have an eruv.

Shabbos Achron shel Pesach

Yizkor is said in the morning

Eating Gebrochts

Those who are careful not to eat gebrochts all Pesach long are makpid to have gebrochts on Achron shel Pesach. (Unless you have a different family minhag)

If you are bringing in Shabbos early, you may not eat gebrochts until tzeis.

Baal Shem Tov's Seudas Moshiach

The Baal Shem Tov named the third Seudah on Acharon Shel Pesach, Seudas Moshiach. Pesach is about the first Geulah. Achron shel Pesach is about the future and last Geulah. Hence the haftara is all about the Wolf dwelling the Lamb.

7pm - Join us for SEUDAS MOSHIACH on Shabbos afternoon at 1343 East 31 St (M & N)

After 635pm Mincha in Shul 3315 Ave N

full with Arba kosos wine and all the remaining Matzah.

Or make your own Seudas Moshiach wherever you are

Motzei Yom Tov

We say Retze and yaale veyavo in bentching even if it is already after tzeis.

The minhag is to delay a while - an hour or so - after Maariv (or after המבדיל בין קודש לחול) before opening the Chometz that was sold to the goy, to allow the Rov and the Orev Kablon sufficient time to arrange the purchase back from the goy.

We recite a regular havdala.

REMINDER - Birkas Ilanos (Bracha on Trees)

  • When you see blossoming fruit trees for the first time during the month of Nissan, you should bentch the bracha: ...שֶׁלֹּא חִסֵּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם. (Who has made nothing lacking in His world, and created in it goodly creatures and goodly trees to give mankind pleasure).

  • The bracha is said just once a year—the first time you see it. There are Poskim, including Eliyah Rabbah, who maintain that if one did not say the bracha the first time, it can still be said when seeing it the second time. However, the Shulchan Aruch HaRav’s view is that if one missed the opportunity the first time he saw it, he cannot say the bracha again during that year.

  • The bracha ought to be said specifically during the month of Nissan.

  • The bracha may be recited on Shabbos and Yom Tov too.

  • Preferably, the bracha should be recited when seeing two trees at one time. But even if there is only one tree, you should still say the bracha.

  • The bracha should not be said on trees which grow fruits that are grafted from two species.

  • In the southern hemisphere, where seasons are the opposite and trees blossom during Elul and Tishrei, the bracha can be said at that time.

May we merit to celebrate Moshiach Seuda with Moshiach himself!

בניסן נגאלו ובניסן עתידים להיגאל!

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