ב"ה

Mayan Yisroel Halachic Digest

Tisha B’Av Nidcheh 5778

 

 

FOR A PRINTABLE VERSION CLICK HERE

 

 

Compiled by Rabbi Yoseph Y. Vigler and Rabbi Mendel Zirkind

Comments welcome and appreciated

 

 

Subscribe to Mayan Yisroel’s emails: info@MayanYisroel.net

לעילוי נשמת הרב יצחק בן הרב אליעזר צבי זאב צירקינד ז"ל

 

 

Chazon Bais HaMikdash hashlishi

 

 

● Reb Levi Yitzchok Berdichever taught that Chazon means a vision: on Shabbos Chazon,

every Jew experiences a vision of the third Bais hamikdosh. Even if he doesn’t sense it

tangibly, the soul senses it.

 

 

Erev Shabbos Chazon

 

 

● Cutting nails, polishing shoes, is permitted for Shabbos 1

● It is permitted to wash and iron 2 clothing or the tablecloth, if one has no other for Shabbos . 3

● When preparing for Shabbos, one is permitted to taste food even if it has in it meat, to make

sure it is ready; it should however be spat out and not swallowed . However, if the purpose 4

is merely to fulfill the custom of tasting of the foods of Shabbos because of טועמיה חיים זכו , it

is forbidden .5

● Young children (under 2) who need meat or chicken for their growth, are permitted to eat

during the 9 days .6

● If one forgot and made a brocho on meat, one should taste a little of it, so that the brocho

should not be in vain .7

● Children under the age of Chinuch may be given meat and wine an hour or two before

Shabbos 8, since the holiness of Shabbos already starts from then . 9

 

 

Shabbos Chazon

 

 

● The prevalent custom is to wear full Shabbos clothing as always .10

● The Shabbos clothing should not be put on earlier than Chatzos .11

 

 

1 נט"ג פמ"ד א-ב

2 'ע"ש ובפמ"ו ז

3 'שם ג' ה

4 'שם ז

5 'שם ח

6 מג"א תקנ"א סקל"א, עי' נט"ג פל"ח הע' ב

7 שד"ח פאת השדה ביהמ"צ סי' א' אות ד

8 'שו"ת אג"מ או"ח ח"ד סי' כ"א אות ד

9 עי' נט"ג שם

10 There are those that only change their outer garments, עי' ס' נט"ג פמ"ה א' ובהערות שם

11 'נט"ג שם ו

 

 

● By laining, Sheni begins by repeating the last passuk of Rishon so as not to begin the aliya

with “Eicha”

● From 1:01 PM (1:04pm upstate) we only study those parts of Torah directly related to the

Churban like Iyov, negative sections in Yirmiyahu, Midrash Eicha, Perek Hanizakin in Gittin,

Hilchos Avelus etc. This applies even though it is Shabbos, in accordance with the Rama

(Siman 553). Others follow the Taz who permits all Torah learning on Shabbos.

● Joyous Seudos Shabbos are conducted, especially emphasizing Ahavas Yisroel.

● On Shabbos every effort must be made to avoid the appearance of mourning publicly.

● There is a Shailah whether private mourning applies. As such, one should refrain from

marital relations on Shabbos except on Mikvah night or if it was not possible on another night.

(Shulchan Aruch 554, 19 & Mishna Berura)

● Tzidkos'cha is not said at Mincha and Pirkei Avos is not recited after Mincha

● One may not prepare on Shabbos for after Shabbos e.g by bringing non-leather Tisha B’Av

shoes on Shabbos for after Shabbos, even within an Eruv. Likewise, one should not wear

such shoes on Shabbos itself in preparation for after Shabbos.

● Shalosh Seudas is a regular meal and may include meat and wine. Minhagim of mourning

like sitting on the ground and dipping the egg in ashes do not apply on Shabbos). It is

permitted to eat with a mezuman. (Mishna Berura 552, 23 not like Magen Avraham.)

● Eating is permitted until Shkia 8:21 pm. (8:27 pm Upstate)

● Restrictions of not washing and no creams and lotions also begin at Shkia.

● Shabbos concludes: 9:09 pm (9:16pm upstate)

 

 

Motzei Shabbos Tisha B’Av Nidche

 

 

Maariv:

● Havdala over wine is not made until Sunday night. However, the brocho: “Borei M’orei

Haish” is recited as usual on a candle. The brocho on besamim is omitted.

● It is recommended to delay Maariv for some time after Shabbos ends, giving time to those

who did not bring non-leather shoes to Shul before Shabbos to bring them now.

● One need not change into weekday clothing before Eicha. There are those who disagree and

do change clothing.

● “Baruch Hamavdil…” must be recited before changing into non-leather shoes.

● You can come to Shul in Tisha B’Av shoes (after Shabbos is out).

● If you’re changing shoes in Shul, the Rama says to change after Borechu. (Take care not to

touch the shoes when putting them on. If you did touch them, wipe the hands to be able to

daven). The chazan must change shoes before Borechu (since he has to have extra

concentration in davening).

● From this point one sits only on a low stool or on the ground, 24cm (9.5 inches) but there is no need to measure precisely.

● The Paroches is removed.

● White Shabbos table cloths should be removed.

● We do not wish each other a gut voch.

 






 

● The Paroches is removed 12 , and some remove the Mantel of the Bima as well 13 .

● We leave minimal lighting needed in Shul 14 .

● After Shmoneh Esrei the Chazan says Kaddish with Tiskabel  15 , and then we say Eicha .

Women too, should read it, even in the house alone 16 .

● By Eicha the Tsibur says the last Hashivenu aloud with the chazan 17 .

● Then recite Atah Kadosh, Kaddish without Tiskabel and Aleinu 18 .

● We minimize the comfort of sleeping e.g. by using one less pillow. Those who have the

strength to do so even sleep on the floor 19.

● An avel in Shiva r”l may go to Shul by night and day 20.

● Some say that an Avel does not daven for the Amud since Tisha B’av is called a Moed. Others

say he should daven for the amud  21.

 

 

Restrictions of Tisha B’Av

 

 

● We remove leather shoes 22 ; crocs may be worn, since they are not normal shoes 23.

● We do not wash any part of the body 24 , unless specifically necessary to remove dirt 25.

           o Throughout the day (after using the bathroom and upon awakening), wash only until

               the knuckles 26.

           o In the morning after washing the hands, one is allowed to place wet hands over one’s

               eyes and face 27 .

           o One is not allowed to wash out the mouth. However, mouthwash with a bad taste, is

               permitted, since one wouldn’t swallow it 28 .

           o Brushing teeth (even without water) is prohibited except in cases of health reasons

              or great distress (i.e. one feeling extremely distressed if their teeth aren’t brushed)

              but even then only without water 29 .

● We do not use creams and lotions 30 .

           o If one is in pain from chapped skin or bruises etc, it is permitted to administer cream 31.

● One is allowed to apply deodorant on Tisha b’Av to remove foul odor. However, perfume,

cologne or makeup that is specifically meant to enhance appearance or provide good scent

is forbidden 32 .

 

 

רמ"א תקנט:ב 12

13 נט"ג פנ"ד:ה

14 שו"ע שם סעי' ג

15 משנ"ב תקנט סק"ד

16 פסק"ת תקנ"ט אות ב ועי' נט"ג פנ"ה:ג

17 רמ"א שם סעי' א

18 שו"ע שם סעי' ב ורמ"א סעי' ג

19 שו"ע ורמ"א תקנ"ה:ב. ואין זה מנהג חב"ד

20 שו"ע תקנט, ו

21 נט"ג פנ"ח:י

22 שו"ע תקנ"ד:א

23 כנלע"ד דאין בו משום עונג

24 שם סעי' ז

25 שם סעי' ט

26 'שם סעי' י

27 שם סעי' י"א

28 שם

29 נט"ג פנ"ז:ח

30 שו"ע שם סעי' א

שוע"ר הלכות יוה"כ תריד. א 31

32 ביאור הלכה סי' תקנ"ד ס"ט

 

 

● Marital relations are forbidden 33

● Work that requires focused concentration (e.g., gardening, cooking, etc.) is prohibited until

midday 1:01pm (1:04pm upstate) 34 , since the main Avelus ends at Chatzos. There are those

who refrain from work the entire day.

● Stores should not be opened until midday (unless operated by a Non-Jew, or if it will create a

great financial loss). However, food stores that sell food for after the fast may be opened before 35.

● Sitting on an ordinary seat is also prohibited until midday . However, when driving a car 36.

etc, one may sit on the regular seat, since there is no specific pleasure involved. Likewise

the elderly and weak may sit on regular chairs as there is no “pleasure” for them 37 .

● We do not offer greetings e.g. Good morning.

           o If somebody greets you, you reply by reminding him it is Tisha B’Av 38 .

● There are those who hold that inhaling smoke whilst smoking is a form of eating and prohibited 39.

 

 

Limud Torah

 

 

● The chiyuv of learning Torah every moment applies on Tisha B'Av too. The only difference

is what may be learned. The learning must be limited to what is permissible on Tisha B'Av

(see above).

 

 

Shachris

 

 

● Wash neggel vasser only until the knuckles (as mentioned above).

● Some omit the brocha “She’asah li kol tzorki”; others do say it 40.

● Tallis and Tefilin are not worn until Mincha 41

● Do not make the Brocho on Tzitzis nor hold them at any part of davening  42.

● The Chazan says Anenu. He omits Birkas Kohanim  43.

● Tachanun and Avinu Malkeinu are omitted  44.

● After Krias HaTorah recite Kinos, Ashrei, U’va L’tzion (omit “V’ani zos brisi...”) followed by

Kaddish without Tiskabel and Aleinu  45.

● Skip Shir shel yom & ein Kelokeinu  46.

● Some read Eicha after Shachris individually (not led by a Chazan) 47.

 

 

שו"ע שם 33

34 שו"ע שם סעי' כ"ב ורמ"א שם

35 ראה פסק"ת סי' תקנ"ד אות כ

36 שו"ע סי' תקנ"ט:ג, ועי' נט"ג פס"ח הע' א

37 'פסק"ת סי' תקנ"ט אות ד

38 שו"ע תקנ"ד:כ

39 משנ"ב סי' תקנ"ה סק"ו

40 פסק"ת תקנ"ד אות טז

41 שו"ע תקנ"ה:א

42 שם וראה נט"ג פנ"ח כב ובהע' שם

43 שו"ע תקס"ה:ג וראה כל זה בנט"ג פנ"ט

44 שם

45 נט"ג פס"ב:א

46 שם

47 שם

 



 

The day of Tisha B’av

 

 

● If one needs to take pills, (or medication which are bitter) for health purposes, they may do

so without water. If one can’t swallow without water, they should put something bitter with

the water . Suppositories may be taken, since it is not considered eating 48 .

● One is allowed to swallow their saliva on Tisha B’av. 49

● One should not start preparing food for after the fast until after midday (see above).

● When preparing food it is prohibited to taste anything to see if it needs more salt etc .50

● There is no source to the common misconception that children fast 3 fasts before bar / bas mitzvah.

● Unlike Yom Kippur when we train children to fast partially, there is no need to do so on Tisha B’Av. Hoever fasting as much as they can is a good idea. 51

● Children who eat on the fast need not recite havdala beforehand.52

● A male who has a heter to eat on Tisha B’Av should recite havdala first. It is best to let a child drink.

● If a woman has a heter to eat, she need not recite havdala (since it is a double doubt if (a) women are obligated to recite havdala generally and (b)  if you recite on Tisha B’Av).

Others hold she should recite - either (a) herself or (b) get a man to make havdala for her and she or a child drinks the wine 53.

● There is debate amongst the Poskim as to whether one who eats on Tisha b’Av says Nachem

in Benching. Consult a Rov .54

● One who will be traveling on Tisha B’av (in cases of need) to a location where the fast will

start and end before the time of his current location (e.g. going from the US to Eretz Yisroel),

may end his fast at the time it ends in the new location, even if he didn’t fast an entire day .55

● One should not exercise for it distracts one’s focus of the Churbon.56

● One should refrain from traveling before Chatzos if at all possible, so as not to be distracted

from the Churbon .57

 

 

Mincha

● Tsedoko - give the amount of money you saved by not buying meals today .58

● The paroches is put back. Likewise we turn all the lights back on as usual .59

● Put on Tallis and Tefilin (which remain on through Mincha)60

● As every day, recite all three paragraphs of Shema (do not repeat Hashem Elokeichem Emes) 61

● Shir shel yom, Ein Keilokeinu 62

 

 

48 בה"ט סי' תקס"ז סק"ז, ופסק"ת שם אות ג

49 מג"א תקס"ז סק"ח ושוע"ר סי' צ:י"ד

50 שו"ע שם סעי' א

51 נט"ג פס"ד

פסק”ת תקנו ד 52

שם 53

54 עי' נט"ג פס"ו: י"א ובהע' טו שם

נט"ג פס"ז:א, ע"ש דיש מחמירים 55

56 שו"ע תקנ"ד:כא

57 נט"ג פע"ט:ט

58 מטה משה סי' תשנ"ה וא"ר סי' תקס"ו:א

59 נט"ג פפ"ה

60 שו"ע תקנ"ה:א

61 ראה אג"ק מהרבי מליובאוויטש חט"ז עמ' רצד,ומנהג ישראל תורה סי' תקנ"ה ס"ק ג

62 נט"ג

63 שם פפ"ה

● Korbanos before Mincha 63

● In Shmoneh Esreh, add Nachem & Anenu in Shome'a Tefila .64

● The chazan recites Birkas Kohanim .65

● If you forgot Nachem, say it right after Anenu. If you forgot then too, say it before

"Vesechezeno" or before "Ve'al kulam". If you missed that too, you don't go back .66

● Those who don Rabbenu Tam Tefillin do so after Mincha. Recite Shma and Kadesh Li,

making sure to finish before shkia (8:17pm). (822pm upstate) 67

● Fast concludes at 8:53 pm. (8:59pm upstate) (based on 5.95 degrees) .

 

 

Motzei Tisha B’Av

 

 

● After Maariv: 68

(a) Change to regular shoes before Kiddush Levana if possible. Otherwise change at home.

(b) Wash neggel vasser in alternating fashion as we do each morning, without a Brocho

(c) Rinse out the mouth

(d) Recite Kiddush Levonah 69

     ● All the restrictions of the 9 days are lifted, since Tisha B’Av was a day late. However,

          meat and wine should not be consumed tonight (except for the wine of havdala). 70

● Recite Havdala with no candle and no besamim. Some omit the pessukim - “Hinei Keil...:”.

 

 

הואיל ואדחי אדחי

Since Tisha B’Av this year is pushed off anyway, may it be fully pushed off and May we be zoche to celebrate Tisha B'av 5778 in

the Beis Hamikdash hashlishi in Yerushalayim!

 




 

64 שם

65 שם

66 שם

67 שם פפ"ד

68 שם פפ"ז

69 שם

70 רמ"א סי' תקנ"ח. ובפסקי תשובות שם ס"ק ג ונטעי גבריאל ס"פ צו