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שביעי ואחרון של פסח תשע”ח

Halachic Digest

 

Compiled by Rabbi Yoseph Y. Vigler and Rabbi Mendel Zirkind.

With Editing by Rabbi Y. Zirkind z”l

 

לע"נ הרב יצחק בן הרב אליעזר צירקינד ע"ה

ח"י אדר תשע"ב

FOR PDF CLICK HERE 

 

EREV YOM TOV

  • From 4:10pm (the tenth halachic hour of the day) do not sit down to a meal, in order not to ruin your appetite for the Yom Tov seudah tonight.

 

ERUV TAVSHILIN

  • Even if you already cooked all meals for Shabbos on Thursday Erev Yom Tov, or you are eating out all the meals but you are sleeping at home and lighting candles at home, you are still obligated in eruv tavshilin if you are preparing anything for Shabbos eg if you are lighting candles on Yom Tov for Shabbos. But you do NOT make a bracha

  • Since it is a mitzvah to make the eruv tavshilin, it is best to obligate yourself by arranging to cook something on Friday Yom Tov for Shabbos e.g. heating water.

  • If you are a guest at a hotel or being hosted you may rely on your host to have you in mind for eruv tavshilin; or obligate yourself by cooking up water etc.

    

How to make the Eruv·     

  • The eruv consists of two foods: a whole matzah, at least the size of a kebeitza (approximately 2 oz) and a cooked food, such as meat or fish, the size of a kezayis (2/3 to 1 oz).

  • It is wise to wrap the Eruv distinctively to easily keep it apart from the rest of the foods in your home.  Also, refrigerate the cooked food so it doesn’t spoil.

  • Hand them to another person (preferably to a non-dependant i.e. not a son or daughter whom you support), and say:”אני מזכה לכל מי שרוצה לִזְכות ולסמוך על עירוב זה”, “I hereby grant a share in this eruv to anyone who wishes to participate in it and to depend on it.”

  • The one holding the food raises it a tefach, and then returns it to the person making the eruv, who then says the bracha: “אשר קדשנו במצותיו וציונו על מצוַת עירוב” and “בדין…”. If you don’t understand the original Aramaic, say it in English: Through this [eruv] it shall be permissible for us to bake, cook, put away a dish [to preserve its heat], kindle a light, prepare, and do on the Yom Tov all that is necessary for Shabbos – for us and for all the Jews who dwell in this city.

  • The eruv is put away until Shabbos, when it is eaten. Many use the Eruv matzah as the second Matzah of lechem mishneh every meal and then eat it on Shabbos day at the morning meal, or better yet, at Seudas Moshiach, in order to perform as many mitzvahs as possible with it.

  • If you forgot to make the eruv you may do so bedieved after shkia, till tzeis, without a bracha so long as you didn’t daven Maariv and the majority of the Tzibbur didn’t answer ברכו yet.

 

Note:

  • The eruv tavshilin only allows food preparations on Friday if the food will be ready with ample time remaining before Shabbos; enough time to theoretically allow the food to be consumed before sunset. Eg cholent must be fully ready a while before Shabbos whereas on a regular erev Shabbos you could cook raw cholent on the blech immediately before Shabbos.

  • The eruv tavshilin facilitates food preparation, extending to washing dishes and even lighting candles. But other preparations like folding a tallis or preparing a Sefer Torah on Yom Tov for Shabbos are forbidden.

 

Yom Tov

  • We do NOT say shehecheyonu on Shvii shel Pesach nor on Achron shel Pesach not at candle lighting nor in kiddush.

  • The Simcha of Shvii and Acharon Shel Pesach is greater than the rest of Pesach

 

Preparing Gebrochts on Erev Shabbos

This year, as Achron shel Pesach falls out on shabbos, therefore -

  • Unless you have a family minhag to the contrary, you may prepare the Gebrochts dishes eg. Kneidlach on Friday (Shvii shel Pesach), provided that

    • you made an Eruv Tavshilin on Thursday.

    • The pots, plates, and cutlery used for the kneidlach, will be kept separate and not be used for anything else on Friday and will be stored away till Shabbos.

    • you do not taste the food before Achron shel Pesach.

 

Erev Shabbos Achron shel Pesach

  • Candles must be lit before sunset only, and from an existing flame only.

  • The bracha on candle lighting is להדליק נר של שבת ושל יום טוב

  • Bring the matzah and wine etc for Seudas Moshiach before Shabbos if you do not have an eruv.

 

Shabbos Achron shel Pesach

  • Yizkor is said in the morning

 

Eating Gebrochts

  • Those who are careful not to eat gebrochts all Pesach long are makpid to have gebrochts on Achron shel Pesach. (Unless you have a different family minhag)

  • If you are bringing in Shabbos early, you may not eat gebrochts until tzeis.

 

Baal Shem Tov's Seudas Moshiach

  • The Baal Shem Tov named  the third Seudah on Acharon Shel Pesach, Seudas Moshiach. Pesach is about the first Geulah. Achron shel Pesach is about the future and last Geulah. Hence the haftara is all about the wolf dwelling the lamb.

 

7pm - Join us for SEUDAS MOSHIACH on Shabbos afternoon at 3315 Ave N Brooklyn

After 6:20pm Mincha @ 3315 Ave N

full with Arba kosos wine and all the remaining Matzah.

Or make your own Seudas Moshiach wherever you are

 

Motzei Yom Tov

  • We say Retze and yaale veyavo in bentching even if it is already after tzeis.

  • The minhag is to delay a while - an hour or so - after Maariv (or after המבדיל בין קודש לחול) before opening the Chometz that was sold to the goy, to allow the Rov and the guarantor (ערב קבלן) sufficient time to arrange the purchase back from the goy.

  • We recite a regular havdala.

 

REMINDER  - Birkas Ilanos (Bracha on Trees)

  • When you see blossoming fruit trees for the first time during the month of Nissan, you bentch: ...שֶׁלֹּא חִסֵּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם. (Who made nothing lacking in His world, and created in it goodly creatures and goodly trees to give mankind pleasure).

  • The bracha is said just once a year—the first time you see it. Some Poskim, including Eliyah Rabbah, maintain that if one did not say the bracha the first time, it can still be said when seeing
    it the second time. Shulchan Aruch HaRav says that if one missed the opportunity the first time he saw it, he cannot say the bracha again during that year.

  • The bracha ought to be said specifically during the month of Nissan.

  • The bracha may be recited on Shabbos and Yom Tov too.

  • Preferably, the bracha should be recited when seeing two trees at one time. But even if there is only one tree, you should still say the bracha.

  • The bracha should not be said on trees which grow fruits that are grafted from two species.

  • In the southern hemisphere, where seasons are the opposite and trees blossom during Elul and Tishrei, the bracha can be said at that time.

 

May we merit to celebrate Moshiach Seudah with Moshiach himself!

בניסן נגאלו ובניסן עתידים להיגאל!